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This list relates to the year 2019/2020 which does not start until 01/09/2019
  1. Lecture Programme 237 items
    1. Topics and Reading List by Week 237 items
      1. References are divided into two categories: key and other readings. While the key readings are essential, the others are given below only for purposes of guidance. Several older readings have been included in the list since they not only set the themes of the debate, but continue to inform these and are considered classics in their own right. You are also expected to draw on your work in other courses and to make independent use of the library.  Please note that a wide range of readings is given in order to ensure that everyone can access material. As far as possible, preference has been given to readings that are available electronically. Copies of the readings that are not available electronically have been placed in the high demand collection, and a few will be posted on blackboard. Students are strongly advised to read widely and especially to search themselves for specific examples from regions of their choice. 

      2. Week 2: Introduction - Rural Livelihoods, Agrarian Change and Gender Analysis: An Introduction (NR) 30 items
        This lecture provides an introduction to the themes and concepts of poverty, gender, livelihoods and rural development.
        1. Key Readings: 4 items
          1. Rural development: putting the last first - Robert Chambers 1983

            Book Core Reading See especially Chapter One, ‘Rural poverty Unperceived’:1-27

          2. Evolving Themes in Rural Development 1950s-2000s - Frank Ellis, Stephen Biggs 2001

            Article Core Reading

        2. Other Readings: 13 items
          1. From Peasant Studies to Agrarian Change - Henry Bernstein, Terence J. Byres 2001

            Article Further Reading

          2. Woman's role in economic development - Ester Boserup, Camilla Toulmin, Nazneen Kanji, Su Fei Tan 2007

            Book Further Reading

          3. Special Issue on Changing Livelihoods: Introduction - Elizabeth Francis and Colin Murray 2002

            Article Further Reading

          4. Rescuing gender from the poverty trap - Cecile Jackson 1996

            Article Further Reading

          5. The Future of Small Farms - Steve Wiggins, Johann Kirsten, Luis Llambí 2010

            Article Further Reading

        3. On Gender Divisions Of Work 13 items
          1. Women's work in Third World agriculture: concepts and indicators - Ruth Dixon-Mueller, International Labour Office 1985

            Book Further Reading

          2. Trends, Countertrends, and Gaps in Women's Employment - Rekha Mehra, Sarah Gammage 1999

            Article Further Reading

          3. Gender differentials in farm productivity: implications for household efficiency and agricultural policy - Christopher Udry, John Hoddinott, Harold Alderman, Lawrence Haddad 1995

            Article Further Reading

          4. Chapter "Wives and mothers: female farmers in Africa" of Gender, work & population in sub-Saharan Africa - Aderanti Adepoju, Christine Oppong 1994

            Chapter Further Reading

          5. Gender and poverty in India - World Bank 1991

            Book Further Reading

          6. Agriculture for development - Johanna van Gogh-Bonger 2007

            Book Further Reading

      3. Week 3: The Livelihoods Approach: (OSB) 27 items
        1. Livelihoods Approach to Poverty and Vulnerability 27 items
          1. The purpose of this lecture is to set out the framework for undertaking policy work on poverty reduction that is known as the 'sustainable livelihood approach', or just the 'livelihoods approach'. This framework was developed in the late 1990s in order to capture for a variety of policy purposes the multiple strands that comprise people's efforts to attain and sustain an adequate living. The framework attempts to capture not just what people do in order to make a living, but the resources that provide them with the capability to build a satisfactory living, the risk factors that they must consider in managing their resources, and the institutional and policy contexts that either help or hinder them in their pursuit of a viable or improving living. A lot of livelihoods work occurs at local scale in communities; however, this lecture will focus on the links between livelihoods and strategic policy issues including poverty reduction strategies and social protection including poverty reduction, risk & vulnerability, adaptation and social protection.

          2. Key Readings: 3 items
            1. Rural livelihoods and diversity in developing countries - Frank Ellis 2000

              Book Core Reading See especially Chapter One: ‘Livelihoods, Diversification and Agrarian Change’:3-37

            2. The Elgar companion to development studies - David Clark 2006

              Book Core Reading entries on ‘Livelihoods Approach’, ‘Vulnerability and Coping’ and ‘Rural Poverty Reduction’

            3. Sustainable rural livelihoods: a framework for analysis - Ian Scoones, University of Sussex. Sustainable Livelihoods Programme, Institute of Development Studies (Brighton, England) 1998

              Book Further Reading

          3. Seminar readings 2 items
          4. Other Readings: 18 items
            (Note: readings from other topics are also pertinent e.g. Bebbington and Wood cited as key readings for the next topic)
            1. Peasants and globalization: political economy, rural transformation and the agrarian question - A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi, Cristóbal Kay, Institute of Social Studies (Netherlands) 2009

              Book Further Reading

            2. Rural livelihoods: crises and responses - Henry Bernstein, Ben Crow, Hazel Johnson, Kuan Yew Lee 1992

              Book Further Reading

            3. Poverty orientated agricultural and rural development - Hartmut Brandt, Uwe Otzen 2006

              Book Further Reading (esp. summary pp7-17)

            4. The Future of Small Farms: Trajectories and Policy Priorities - Peter Hazell, Colin Poulton, Steve Wiggins, Andrew Dorward 2010

              Article Further Reading

            5. Rural poverty report - Michael Lipton, J. A. Litchfield, Saurabh Sinha, International Fund for Agricultural Development 2001

              Book Further Reading Also available online via the World Wide Web.

            6. Agrarian crisis in India - D. Narasimha Reddy, Srijit Mishra 2010

              Book Further Reading

          5. Special Journal Issues: 3 items
            1. Development Policy Review

              Article Further Reading Various articles relating to rural development and the role of agriculture in development and livelihoods

            2. Journal of Southern African Studies

              Journal Further Reading Special issue on changing livelihoods in the Region

            3. Sociologia Ruralis

              Article Further Reading Various articles relating to rural development and the role of agriculture in rural development and rural livelihoods, largely in Europe

      4. Week 4: Food Security and Human Capital (OSB) 43 items
        1. Key Readings: 5 items
          1. Returns to investment in education: a further update - George Psacharopoulos, Harry Anthony Patrinos * 2004

            Article Core Reading

          2. Poverty and famines: an essay on entitlement and deprivation - Amartya Sen, World Employment Programme 1981

            Book Core Reading

        2. Other Readings: Food Security 24 items
          1. Food security in Sub-Saharan Africa - Stephen Devereux, Simon Maxwell, Intermediate Technology Development Group 2001

            Book Further Reading

          2. Social protection in Africa - Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux, Philip White 2009

            Book Further Reading

          3. Addressing food security in Africa via multiple livelihood strategies of women farmers - Christina H Gladwin, Anne M Thomson, Jennifer S Peterson, Andrea S Anderson 2001

            Article Further Reading

          4. Food security and nutrition implications of intrahousehold bias: A Review of Literature - Food Consumption and Nutrition Division Discussion Paper 19 1996

            Article Further Reading

          5. Gender, food security and rural livelihoods - Maithreyi Krishna Raj 2007

            Book Further Reading

          6. Land Tenure and Food Security: Exploring Dynamic Linkages - Daniel Maxwell, Keith Wiebe 1999

            Article Further Reading

          7. Development as freedom - Amartya Sen 2001

            Book Further Reading

        3. Human capital (Nutrition) 5 items
          1. What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survival - Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Tahmeed Ahmed, Robert E Black, Simon Cousens 2008

            Article Further Reading

          2. Long-term economic effect of early childhood nutrition - Scott D Grosse, Kakoli Roy 2008

            Article Further Reading

        4. Education 9 items
          1. Farmer Education and Farm Efficiency: A Survey - Marlaine E. Lockheed, T. Jamison and Lawrence J. Lau 1980

            Article Further Reading

          2. Human Capital, Social Capital and Lifelong Learning: An editorial introduction - ROSEMARY PRESTON, CAROLINE DYER 2003

            Article Further Reading there are a number of relevant papers in this issue of COMPARE

          3. Chapter "Human capital (Rose, P.)" in Encyclopedia of international development - Tim Forsyth 2011

            Chapter Further Reading

      5. Week 5: Property Relations – the value of land as an asset (NR) 33 items
        1. Key Readings: 6 items
          1. THE GENDER ASSET GAP: WHAT DO WE KNOW AND WHY DOES IT MATTER? - Carmen Diana Deere, Cheryl R. Doss 2006

            Article Core Reading

        2. Other Readings: 25 items
          1. A field of one's own: gender and land rights in South Asia - Bina Agarwal 1994

            Book Further Reading

          2. Disappearing peasantries?: rural labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America - Jos E. Mooij, Deborah Fahy Bryceson, Cristóbal Kay 2000

            Book Further Reading

          3. Chapter "African Women Hoe Cultivators" in Women wielding the hoe: lessons from rural Africa for feminist theory and development practice - Deborah Bryceson 1995

            Chapter Further Reading 3-22

          4. Women and property--women as property - Renee Hirschon 1984

            Book Further Reading papers by Whitehead, Caplan, Strathern, Sharma and Hirschon

          5. Gender and property rights: Overview - Ruth S. Meinzen-Dick, Lynn R. Brown, Hilary Sims Feldstein, Agnes R. Quisumbing 1997

            Article Further Reading

          6. The impact of agrarian reform on women - Ingrid Palmer, Population Council 1985

            Book Further Reading

          7. Women's right to land, assets, and other productive resources: its impact on gender relations and increased productivity - Nitya Rao, IFAD-UNIFEM Gender Mainstreaming Programme in Asia, International Fund for Agricultural Development, United Nations Development Fund for Women 2006

            Book Further Reading This paper is freely available online by visiting www.esocialsciences.org and searching for the paper's title.

          8. Women, work, and ideology in the Third World - Haleh Afshar 1985

            Book Further Reading

        3. Special Journal Issue: 2 items
      6. Week 6: Reading Week 0 items
      7. Week 7: Technologies and Agrarian change: Shawn McGuire 18 items
        1. This lecture will give a brief introduction to how technologies – most broadly, any applied knowledge – have driven changes in agricultural systems, and in the pathways of development. A key example is the Green Revolution of the 1960s, which has made seed-based  technologies and applied crop science central to agrarian development ever since. Though the Green Revolution itself generated social change, it also created a linear view of how technology will drive social change.  We will explore how other rural technologies, such as in soil conservation or horticulture, must contend with complex and changing livelihoods.

        2. Key readings 3 items
          1. Fatal gaps in seed security strategy - Louise Sperling, Shawn McGuire 2012

            Article Core Reading

          2. Seed System Security Assessment, Timor-Leste - An Assessment funded by USAID 2013

            Document Core Reading

        3. Other readings 14 items
          1. The doubly green revolution: food for all in the twenty-first century - Gordon Conway 1998

            Book Further Reading

          2. LESSONS FROM THREE DECADES OF GREEN REVOLUTION IN THE PHILIPPINES - Jonna P. ESTUDILLO, Keijiro OTSUKA 2006

            Article Further Reading

          3. Instability in Indian agriculture—a challenge to the Green Revolution technology - Donald W Larson, Eugene Jones, R.S Pannu, R.S Sheokand 2004

            Article Further Reading

      8. Week 8: Microcredit (BK) 20 items
        1. Key Readings: 5 items
          1. The Microfinance Promise - Jonathan Morduch 1999

            Article Further Reading

        2. Other Readings: 15 items
          1. Credit constraints, credit unions, and small-scale producers in Guatemala - Bradford L. Barham, Stephen Boucher, Michael R. Carter 1996

            Article Further Reading

          2. Rural credit programs and women's empowerment in Bangladesh - Syed M. Hashemi, Sidney Ruth Schuler, Ann P. Riley 1996

            Article Further Reading

          3. Finance against poverty - David Hulme, Paul Mosley 1996

            Book Further Reading

          4. The Microfinance Schism - Jonathan Morduch 2000

            Article Further Reading

      9. Week 9: Social Capital (BK) 19 items
        1. Key Readings: 5 items
          1. Development and social capital - Marcel Fafchamps 2006

            Article Further Reading

        2. Other Readings: 14 items
          1. Poverty reduction as a local institutional process - Johan Bastiaensen, Tom De Herdt, Ben D'€™Exelle 2005

            Article Further Reading

      10. Week 10: Migration and diversification strategies (NR) 23 items
        1. This lecture will explore the importance of understanding processes of migration as part of livelihood strategies, its patterns, drivers and impacts. While a lot of attention in the literature and policy is directed at international migration, in-country migration surpasses this in terms of numbers, but is rarely documented or supported. The readings below are only a suggestion, there is a vast literature including specialist journals such as International Migration Review and the Journal of Migration Studies.

        2. Key Readings: 2 items
          1. Brokered livelihoods: Debt, Labour Migration and Development in Tribal Western India - David Mosse, Sanjeev Gupta, Mona Mehta, Vidya Shah 06/2002

            Article Further Reading

        3. Other Readings: 20 items
          1. Poverty, gender and migration - Sadhna Arya, Anupama Roy, Gender Perspectives on Asia (Programme) 2006

            Book Further Reading

          2. Footloose labour: working in India's informal economy - Jan Breman 1996

            Book Further Reading

          3. Gender and migration in developing countries - Sylvia H. Chant 1992

            Book Further Reading

          4. Changing places?: women, resource management and migration in the Sahel - Rosalind David, Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain), SOS Sahel (Organization : London, England) 1995

            Book Further Reading

          5. Circular migration and multilocational livelihood strategies in rural India - Priya Deshingkar, John Farrington 2009

            Book Further Reading

          6. Migration, Unemployment and Development: A Two-Sector Analysis - John R. Harris and Michael P. Todaro 1970

            Article Further Reading

          7. Migration, Money and Masculinity in Kerala - Filippo Osella and Caroline Osella 2000

            Article Further Reading

          8. Women and seasonal labour migration - L. Ch Schenk-Sandbergen, Indo-Dutch Programme on Alternatives in Development 1995

            Book Further Reading

          9. DRC Migration, Globalisation and Poverty

            Website Further Reading Working papers on the website of the DRC on globalisation, migration and poverty

      11. Week 11: Gendered Provisioning of Infrastructure and Services (NR) 15 items
        1. Key Readings: 2 items
          1. Chronic poverty and remote rural areas - Bird, Hulme, Moore, Shepherd 2002

            Article Core Reading

          2. Balancing the load: women, gender, and transport - Priyanthi Fernando, Gina Porter, International Forum for Rural Transport and Development 2002

            Book Core Reading

        2. Other Readings: 13 items
          1. Women in the Third World: gender issues in rural and urban areas - Lynne Brydon, Sylvia H. Chant 1989

            Book Further Reading

          2. Space, place and gender - Doreen B. Massey 1994

            Book Further Reading

          3. Beyond the veil: male-female dynamics in modern Muslim society - Fatima Mernissi 1985

            Book Further Reading

          4. Women, human settlements, and housing - Caroline O. N. Moser, Linda Peake 1987

            Book Further Reading

      12. Week 12: Implications of livelihood approaches for rural development (NR) 8 items
        1. A Gendered Value Chain Approach to Codes of Conduct in African Horticulture - Stephanie Barrientos, Catherine Dolan, Anne Tallontire 2003

          Article Further Reading

        2. 9. Endpiece: The Politics of Livelihood Opportunity - Ian Scoones, William Wolmer 2003

          Article Further Reading

  2. Recommended further reading 7 items
    1. Key Readings for Africulture: 7 items
  3. Other study materials 1 item
    1. To maximise learning, you are required to read at least one of the key readings assigned for each lecture in advance